The leaves of this herb are attractive and contain a sweet-savoury fragrant taste that makes pastas, green salads, tomato & cheese dishes, soups, and omelettes even more delicious! The entire plant has a very pleasing aroma and it makes a great companion for your kitchen garden herbarium. Native to tropical Asia and the Middle East, this herb has an abundance of antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, that it is recommended to boost heart health, cognitive functioning, kidney health, and have healthy hair and youthful skin! Basil is one of the essential Italian herbs and is very easy to grow. You can grow it as desired, to make a basil plant grow bushy rather than tall and leggy, regular pruning is a must. More pruning results in more harvest, especially in a herb like basil where essentially pruning and harvesting is the same since you can use the clippings as desired too.
Common name: Italian Basil, Sweet Basil
Scientific name: Ocimum basilicum
Size: 2 feet
Maintenance: easy to grow
Ideal Spot: a place that gets about 6-8 hours of sun daily for fresh green basil
At least thrice a week. Basil likes to stay moist. Water deeply at least once a week to keep roots growing deep and the soil moist.
Direct sun. Basil will grow best in a location that gets 6 to 8 hours of full sun daily, though it can perform well in partial sun, too.
Porous soil. Though the plant is not very picky, oil should be moist but well-drained for plump leaves. Basil works great in containers or raised beds, as these allow for better drainage.
Moderate. Too dry or humid affects the plant’s growth and makes it a target for various problems and diseases. The ideal count is 40-60% humidity.
Once in the growing season. Add organic compost or manure in the top 6-8 inches of the soil to meet the plant’s nutritional needs.
Stem cutting. Basil propagation from cuttings is quite simple. To take a cutting from a basil plant, use clean herb snips or scissors to cut them diagonally (so as to increase the surface area for water intake) for a 4 to a 6-inch long stem. Remove the leaves from the bottom of this stem, this is the part from where new roots will shoot out. You can plant this stem directly into soft soil or in water till the roots come out. Change the water every few days until you see root growth, then leave your basil propagation roots to grow to about 2 inches or so. This can take two to four weeks.